La recherche au service de la performance en Santé
U.INSERM 1290 - La recherche au service de la performance en Santé
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Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
U.INSERM 1290 - La recherche au service de la performance en Santé

Actualités du laboratoire Hesper

Réunion Scientifique 28 mai 2021

 

- Léa Pascal et Cécile Payet : « Etude des effets directs et indirects de la pandémie de COVID-19 sur la mortalité des patients en soins critiques en France »

La pandémie de COVID-19 a imposé une profonde réorganisation du système de santé et en particulier des services de soins critiques, en raison du caractère émergent de cette maladie, mais aussi du volume élevé de patients nécessitant des soins critiques sur une courte période. Au-delà des effets directs sur les patients COVID-19 en service de soins critiques, cela a pu aussi altérer la sécurité des prises en charge des patients non-COVID-19 dans ces services, en raison d’une disponibilité limitée des équipements et des personnels soignants. Nous avons étudié l’effet de la pandémie sur le risque de décès des patients COVID-19 et non COVID-19 en service de soins critiques durant la première vague en 2020 en France.

 

 

 

Réunion Scientifique 21 mai 2021

 

Teddy Novais : « Motivational Interviewing & Medication Adherence »

- Discutant : Cyrille Colin

A recent meta-analysis compared 771 interventional studies aiming to improve medication adherence. The results showed that improvement was more readily obtained by habit-based and behavioral-based interventions, compared to cognitive approaches. Among behavioral-based interventions, motivational interviewing (MI) appears to be an interesting approach. MI is a ‘‘client-centered directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving ambivalence’’. The effectiveness of MI was primarily demonstrated in addictology and particularly in alcohol and drug dependence. In recent years, MI has been widely developed to promote health behavior change, including medication adherence. We conducted a systematic review to describe the use of MI on patient’s medication adherence, using randomized and controlled design studies, in several chronic diseases.

 

Réunion Scientifique 7 mai 2021

 

- Sarah Skinner : « Surgical Coaching »

- Discutant : Jean-Christophe Lifante

Surgical coaching is gaining attention as an approach that could help surgeons optimize performance and improve overall wellbeing. However, surgical coaching programs and definitions of coaching vary widely between studies, which have reported inconclusive effects. In this scoping review, we aimed to characterize quantitative studies on coaching interventions for professional surgeons to understand how surgical coaching is defined, examine how different coaching programs are designed, implemented, and evaluated, and identify any relevant research gaps.

 

 

Réunion Scientifique 30 avril 2021

 

- Jenny Mc Sharry de Galway : « Stakeholder engagement in health behaviour change research : Approaches and considerations »

Overview :

A key challenge for healthcare systems is the substantial gap between research evidence and routine practice, as emphasised by the World Health Organisation “neglecting implementation challenges costs lives and money”. The need to bridge the research-practice gap has led to increased emphasis by funders and policy makers on implementation and knowledge translation methods and the inclusion of stakeholders, and members of the public, in the conduct of research.

This presentation will describe case-examples of stakeholder engagement at the Health Behaviour Change Research Group at the National University of Ireland, Galway and discuss approaches and considerations for involving stakeholders in research.


Bio :

Dr Jenny Mc Sharry is a chartered Health Psychologist and lecturer in the School of Psychology at the National University of Ireland, Galway. Jenny is the Assistant Director of the Health Behaviour Change Research Group, an international centre of excellence in health behaviour change intervention development, evaluation and implementation. Jenny leads a programme of research that takes a systematic approach to behaviour change to address current health priorities and healthcare challenges. Jenny has a particular interest in implementation science, and the application of behaviour change to promote the uptake of research into practice.