La recherche au service de la performance en Santé
U.INSERM 1290 - La recherche au service de la performance en Santé
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Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
U.INSERM 1290 - La recherche au service de la performance en Santé

Actualités du laboratoire Hesper

Women's dissatisfaction with inappropriate behavior by health care workers during childbirth care in France: A survey study.

Gaucher L, Huissoud C, Ecochard R, Rudigoz RC, Cortet M, Bouvet L, Bouveret L, Touzet S, Gonnaud F, Colin C, Gaucherand P, Dupont C ; AURORE Group.

Abstract:

Background: Quality care during childbirth requires that health care providers have not only excellent skills but also appropriate and considerate attitudes and behavior. Few studies have examined the proportion of women in Western countries expressing dissatisfaction with such inappropriate or inconsiderate behavior. This study evaluated this proportion in a sample presumably representative of French maternity units.

Methods: This prospective multicenter study, using data from a selfadministered questionnaire, took place in 25 French maternity units during one week in September 2018. The primary outcome measure was mothers' self-reported dissatisfaction with blatantly inappropriate behavior (ie, inappropriate attitude, inadequate respect for privacy, insufficient gentleness of care, and/or inappropriate language) by health care workers in the delivery room. The secondary outcome was their self-reported dissatisfaction with these workers' inconsiderate behavior (ie, unclear and inappropriate information, insufficient participation in decision-making, or deficient consideration of pain).

Results: Of 803 potentially eligible women, 627 completed the questionnaire after childbirth; 5.62% (35/623, 95% CI: 3.94-7.73) reported dissatisfaction with blatantly inappropriate behaviors and 9.79% (61/623, 95% CI: 7.57-12.40) with inconsiderate behaviors. The main causes of dissatisfaction reported by women in this survey were the inadequate consideration of their pain and the failure to share decision-making.

Conclusions: Most of the women were satisfied with how health care workers behaved towards them in the delivery room. Nonetheless, health care staff must be aware of women's demands for greater consideration of their expressions of pain and of their voice in decisions.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33686732/

 

Drug-related problems among older patients: Analysis of 8 years of pharmacist's interventions.

Gervais F, Novais T, Goutelle S, Chappuy M, Parat S, Cabelguenne D, Mouchoux C.

Abstract:

Objectives: To analyse the most frequent DRP over time and pharmacists' interventions made among older patients aged over 75 years old. DRP between older patients and younger patients aged 18 to 74 years and between older patients treated in geriatric wards or not were also compared.

Methods: A cross-sectional observational study conducted on DRP detected by pharmacists at the university hospital centre of Lyon and prospectively recorded in the Act-IP© database from January 2008 to December 2015.

Results: A total of 56,223 DRP were investigated - 19,056 in older patients and 37,167 in younger patients. A supratherapeutic dosage was mainly reported (22.4% in older patients vs. 19.0% in younger patient) and pharmacists made interventions mostly to adjust dosage (27.3% vs. 24.2%). Physicians' acceptance was significantly lower in older patients (57.1% vs. 64.3%). DRP associated to a drug included a supratherapeutic use of acetaminophen (5.2% vs. 3.8%) and hypnotics (4.0% vs. 1.4%), medication in cardiology used without indication (1.4% vs. 0.2%) and underuse of vitamin D (1.2% vs. 0.1%). Supratherapeutic dosages were more significantly detected with a lower overall physicians' acceptance in older patients treated in general wards.

Conclusions: This study highlights the specificity of DRP among older patients and encourages health care professionals to remain especially alert regarding older patients treated in general wards. These findings can contribute to define or adjust training needs and quality indicators to improve the daily practices of health care professionals.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33587921/

Minimum evidence-based care in intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses and neonatal prognosis.

Atallah A, Butin M, Moret S, Claris O, Massoud M, Gaucherand P, Doret-Dion M.

Abstract:

Introduction: There is clear evidence that fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) do not receive the minimum evidence-based care during their antenatal management.

Objective: Considering that optimal management of IUGR may reduce neonatal morbi-mortality in IUGR, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of antenatal management of IUGR according to the recommendations of the French college of gynecologists and obstetricians (CNGOF) on the neonatal prognosis of IUGR fetuses.

Study design: From a historical cohort of 31,052 children, born at the Femme Mère Enfant hospital (Lyon, France) between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2017, we selected the population of IUGR fetuses. The minimum evidence-based care (MEC) in the antenatal management of fetuses with IUGR was defined according to the CNGOF recommendations and neonatal prognosis of early and late IUGR fetuses were assessed based on the whether or not they received MEC. The neonatal prognosis was defined according to a composite criterion that included neonatal morbidity and mortality.

Results: A total of 1020 fetuses with IUGR were studied. The application of MEC showed an improvement in the neonatal prognosis of early-onset IUGR (p = 0.003), and an improvement in the neonatal prognosis of IUGR born before 32 weeks (p = 0.030). Multivariate analysis confirmed the results showing an increase in neonatal morbi-mortality in early-onset IUGR in the absence of MEC with OR 1.79 (95% CI 1.01–3.19).

Conclusion: Diagnosed IUGR with MEC had a better neonatal prognosis when born before 32 weeks. Regardless of the birth term, MEC improved the neonatal prognosis of fetuses with early IUGR. Improvement in the rate of MEC during antenatal management has a significant impact on neonatal prognosis.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00404-021-06231-3

 

Medullary thyroid cancer outcomes in patients with undetectable versus normalized postoperative calcitonin levels.

Fanget F, Demarchi MS, Maillard L, Lintis A, Decaussin M, Lifante JC.

Abstract:

Background: Calcitonin (Ct) is a sensitive diagnostic biomarker and one of the most important prognostic factors in medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). This study aimed to evaluate progression-free survival and recurrence rates of MTC associated with undetectable compared with normalized serum Ct levels after surgery.

Methods: This retrospective observational study included patients operated for MTC at the Digestive and Endocrine Surgery Department of Lyon Sud Hospital Centre between 2000 and 2019. Clinical and pathological factors were correlated with postoperative Ct concentrations. Undetectable and normalized Ct concentrations were defined as below 2 pg/ml and 2-10 pg/ml respectively.

Results: Overall, 176 patients were treated for MTC, and 127 were considered biochemically cured after surgery. Of these, 24 and 103 had normalized and undetectable Ct concentrations respectively. Patients with Ct level normalization had a 25 per cent risk of disease recurrence, compared with 3 per cent in patients with undetectable Ct levels after surgery. The presence of metastasis in two or more compartments was predictive of failure to achieve undetectable Ct concentrations after surgery and an increased risk of recurrence.

Conclusion: Among patients with biochemically cured MTC, those with undetectable or normalized Ct concentrations after surgery had different risks of recurrence. Simply assessing postoperative Ct normalization can be falsely reassuring, and long-term follow-up is needed.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33899100/