La recherche au service de la performance en Santé
U.INSERM 1290 - La recherche au service de la performance en Santé
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Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
U.INSERM 1290 - La recherche au service de la performance en Santé

Actualités du laboratoire Hesper

Palliative and high-intensity end-of-life care in schizophrenia patients with lung cancer: results from a French national population-based study

Viprey M, Pauly V, Salas S, Baumstarck K, Orleans V, Llorca PM, Lancon C, Auquier P, Boyer L, Fond G.

Abstract:

Schizophrenia is marked by inequities in cancer treatment and associated with high smoking rates. Lung cancer patients with schizophrenia may thus be at risk of receiving poorer end-of-life care compared to those without mental disorder. The objective was to compare end-of-life care delivered to patients with schizophrenia and lung cancer with patients without severe mental disorder. This population-based cohort study included all patients aged 15 and older who died from their terminal lung cancer in hospital in France (2014-2016). Schizophrenia patients and controls without severe mental disorder were selected and indicators of palliative care and high-intensity end-of-life care were compared. Multivariable generalized log-linear models were performed, adjusted for sex, age, year of death, social deprivation, time between cancer diagnosis and death, metastases, comorbidity, smoking addiction and hospital category. The analysis included 633 schizophrenia patients and 66,469 controls. The schizophrenia patients died 6 years earlier, had almost twice more frequently smoking addiction (38.1%), had more frequently chronic pulmonary disease (32.5%) and a shorter duration from cancer diagnosis to death. In multivariate analysis, they were found to have more and earlier palliative care (adjusted Odds Ratio 1.27 [1.03;1.56]; p = 0.04), and less high-intensity end-of-life care (e.g., chemotherapy 0.53 [0.41;0.70]; p < 0.0001; surgery 0.73 [0.59;0.90]; p < 0.01) than controls. Although the use and/or continuation of high-intensity end-of-life care is less important in schizophrenia patients with lung cancer, some findings suggest a loss of chance. Future studies should explore the expectations of patients with schizophrenia and lung cancer to define the optimal end-of-life care.

 

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Impact of a Digital Cognitive Aid on the Performance of Military Healthcare Teams During Critical Care Management in a Warfront Injury Situation: A Simulation Randomized Controlled Study

Paraschiv AP, Cejka JC, Lilot M, Aigle L, Lehot JJ, Balança B.

Abstract:

Introduction: Initial healthcare delivery after warfront injury is unpredictably challenging for military forces. As preparatory training, healthcare providers use simulation to improve their performance in stressful critical situations. This study investigated whether a digital CA held by the team leader improved performance in simulated combat casualty care.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial was performed during a combat casualty training course for military physicians and nurses in France. Each pair of care providers completed 2 scenarios randomized to be undertaken either with or without a digital CA. The primary end point was the technical performance evaluated from a video recording by 2 independent raters using a pre-established score grid (up to 100%) according to military protocols. The secondary end point was the nontechnical performance (TEAM scale, maximum: 54 points).

Results: Thirty-six pairs of participants were included. Use of the digital CA improved both technical (74% vs 53%, P < 0.001) and nontechnical (42 vs 32, P < 0.001) performance.

Conclusions: The digital CA improved technical and nontechnical performance during training of medical care for military combat casualties. Use of a dedicated digital CA might improve care in a combat environment.

 

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Hypoparathyroidism: Consequences, economic impact, and perspectives. A case series and systematic review

Fanget F, Demarchi MS, Maillard L, El Boukili I, Gerard M, Decaussin M, Borson-Chazot F, Lifante JC.

Abstract:

Background: Postoperative hypoparathyroidism (PH) is the most common complication after total thyroidectomy. Incidence varies from 2% to 83%, depending on the definition.

Objective: We performed a systematic review of the literature to determine the medico-economic effects of PH and update understanding of long-term consequences, morbidity, and quality of life related to hypoparathyroidism.

Methods: We considered relevant articles published between 2000 and 2020 concerning long-term consequences of PH and quality of life. All studies concerning the medico-economic assessment of PH were included. We compared data from 2018 to results in the literature.

Results: A proportion of 64/403 (16.8%) patients presented with transient PH during 2018, and 7/403 (1.7%) had permanent PH. Seven patients needed supplementation with alfacalcidol at 6-month follow-up. Factors predicting the need for alfacalcidol were age <45, thyroidectomy for goiter, and lymph node dissection. Additional therapy costs related to PH were €9781.10, and additional hospital costs were €230,400. We qualitatively synthesized 41 studies. Most were retrospective studies and only a few reported costs. No series assessed direct or indirect costs of postoperative PH.

Conclusion: To our knowledge, no previous studies reported the medico-economic impact of PH. Decreasing PH associated with fluorescence usage should be considered, particularly concerning cost-effectiveness.

 

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The Effect of Foot Reflexology on Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Patients With Digestive or Lung Cancer: Randomized Controlled Trial

Murat-Ringot A, Souquet PJ, Subtil F, Boutitie F, Preau M, Piriou V.

Abstract:

Background: Cancer is a chronic disease with an incidence of 24.5 million and 9.6 million deaths worldwide in 2017. Lung and colorectal cancer are the most common cancers for both sexes and, according to national and international recommendations, platinum-based chemotherapy is the reference adjuvant treatment. This chemotherapy can be moderately to highly emetogenic. Despite antiemetic therapy, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) may persist. Moreover, cancer patients are increasingly interested in alternative and complementary medicines and have expressed the desire that nonpharmacological treatments be used in hospitals. Among alternative and complementary medicines, foot reflexology significantly decreases the severity of CINV in patients with breast cancer.

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to assess the benefits of foot reflexology as a complement therapy to conventional treatments regarding the severity of acute CINV in patients with digestive or lung cancer. The secondary objectives assessed were the frequency and severity of delayed CINV, quality of life, anxiety, and self-esteem.

Methods: This study was conducted between April 2018 and April 2020 in the Hospices Civils de Lyon, France. This was an open-label randomized controlled trial. Participants were randomized into two groups: the intervention group (ie, conventional care with foot reflexology; n=40) and the control group (ie, conventional care without foot reflexology; n=40). Foot reflexology sessions (30 minutes each) were performed on outpatients or inpatients. Eligible participants were patients with lung or digestive cancer with an indication for platinum-based chemotherapy.

Results: The severity of acute nausea and vomiting was assessed with a visual analog scale during the second cycle of chemotherapy. A significant increase of at least 2 points was observed for the control group (7/34, 21%; P=.001). Across all cycles, the foot reflexology group showed a trend toward less frequent delayed nausea (P=.28), a significantly less frequent consumption of antiemetic drugs (P=.04), and no significant difference for vomiting (P=.99); there was a trend toward a perception of stronger severity for delayed nausea in the control group (P=.39). Regarding quality of life and anxiety, there was no significant difference between the intervention group and the control group (P=.32 and P=.53, respectively).

Conclusions: This study's results indicate that foot reflexology provides significantly better management of acute nausea severity and decreased consumption of antiemetic drugs in patients with lung or digestive cancer. In order to fulfill patients' desires to use nonpharmacological treatments and complementary and alternative medicines in hospitals, foot reflexology could be provided as a complementary intervention to conventional antiemetic drugs. Foot reflexology did not result in adverse effects. To assess the benefits of foot reflexology in routine practice, a larger study with several health care centers would be needed with a cluster randomized controlled trial.

 

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